Cosmopolitics of the Camera (Book)
Albert Kahn’s Archives of the Planet
An in-depth intellectual and historical analysis of Les Archives de la Planète, Albert Kahn’s collection of early colour photography and documentary film. The book examines the extraordinary context of Kahn’s work, considers archival theory and visual culture, and investigates the cosmopolitan strategies of Kahn and associates, e.g. Henri Bergson.
In Cosmopolitics of the Camera, the leading experts in the field present Les Archives de la Planète (The Archives of the Planet) – Albert Kahn’s stunning collection of early colour photography and documentary film – and discuss the extraordinary intellectual context from which it grew. The archives, collected between 1909 and 1932, show the cultural richness and diversity of humanity at a time of drastic geographical and historical change. Consisting of 183,000 metres of film, 72,000 autochromes and more than 6,000 stereographs, it portrays the beauty and creativity of cultures, and their fatal disappearance of which Kahn believed to be only a question of time.
The Archives of the Planet was one of a string of institutions for research and international cooperation established in Kahn’s utopian World Gardens near Paris. Some of the best-known minds of the age met there regularly in order to discuss the problem of how to make new media of communication serve the cause of peace and human development. The Cosmopolitics of the Camera presents ten expert voices from seven different countries, studying the work of Kahn and his key collaborators, the geographer Jean Brunhes and the philosopher Henri Bergson, in the spirit of their culturally diverse venture, placing it in its proper historical and intellectual context, and exploring its ambitious achievements and failures. By pushing Kahn’s work back into active discussion, the analysis forces us to reflect on the ways our world is shaped and recorded by the media, and reactivates the time capsule that Kahn designed to communicate with the future.
Trond Erik Bjorli is senior curator at the Norsk Folkemuseum, the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History in Oslo.
Kjetil Ansgar Jakobsen is professor of intellectual history at Nord University in Norway.
Kjetil Ansgar Jakobsen and Trond Erik Bjorli
PART 1: HISTORY OF THE COLLECTION
1. The Archives of the Planet: Between Science and Action – Valérie Perlès
2. Photography, Gunpowder and Fertilizer: Albert Kahn's Norwegian Journey – Trond Erik Bjorli
3. Japan in The Archives of the Planet – Anne Sigaud
4. The Archives of the Planet and the First World War – Emmanuelle Danchin
PART 2: COSMOPOLITICS
5. Pacifist Photography: Seeing the Face of Humanity – Jay Winter
6. Experimental Cosmopolitanism: The Limits of Autour du Monde-ism in the Kahn Archive – Paula Amad
7. The Kahn Archive: A Visual Memory That Is Truly Cosmopolitan? – Kjetil Ansgar Jakobsen and Milena Nikolova
8. The Archives of the Planet: Between Cosmopolitanism and Patriotism – Anne Sigaud
9. Henri Bergson and Albert Kahn: The Cosmopolitan Method – Kjetil Ansgar Jakobsen
PART 3: AESTHETICS OF A WORLD ARCHIVE
10. Autochromes in Service of Human Geography: Jean Brunhes and the Aesthetics of The Archives of the Planet – Franziska Scheuer
11. Bergson's Aesthetics? Autochroming a World of Memories – Kjetil Ansgar Jakobsen
12. Digital Returns: The Archives of the Planet and the 'Rhythm of Life' – Trond Lundemo
Postscript: The Digital Futures of Historical Media Archives – Wolfgang Ernst