Epidemic Urbanism (Book)

Contagious Diseases in Global Cities

The recent pandemic has put into perspective the impact of epidemic illness on urban life and exposed the vulnerabilities of societies. Interdisciplinary case studies from across the globe explore what insights from the outbreak, experience, and response to previous epidemics might inform our understanding of the current world. 150 b/w illus.

Edition

This volume includes essays that deploy interdisciplinary approaches to the analysis of the mutual relationship between pandemics and the built environment. The chapters cover case studies from all five continents. Each chapter will focus on the story of a pandemic in a particular city or region. The chapters will be brief (1700–2000 words) and will be developed based on a strict structure provided by the book editors. Each chapter will include historical context (500 words), case study (700 words), and conclusion (300 words). Each chapter will include 3–4 historical images that depict historical epidemics and pandemics. The book will be opened and concluded by two well-known scholars from public health and medical anthropology. These two chapters will address pandemics and epidemics in the last fifty years as well as the COVID-19 crisis and how history helps us have a better understanding of the post-COVID era.

Mohammad Gharipour is Professor and Director of Architecture Graduate Program at the School of Architecture and Planning at Morgan State University in Baltimore, USA. 

Caitlin DeClercq is an Assistant Director at Columbia University’s Center for Teaching and Learning. Along with Mohammad Gharipour, she is the co-founder of the Epidemic Urbanism Initiative.

Preface – Mohammad Gharipour and Caitlin DeClercq
Prologue: Pandemics and Urban Health – Sandro Galea

PART 1: URBAN GOVERNANCE: POLITICS AND MANAGEMENT 
1. Plague in Sibiu and the First Quarantine Plan in Central Europe, 1510 – Katalin Szende and Ottó Gecser
2. Mughal Governance, Mobility, and Responses to the Plague in Agra, India, 1618–19  – Mehreen Chida- Razvi
3. Urban Governance, Economic Intervention, and the Plague in Bristol, England, 1665–66 – Andrew Wells
4. Smallpox and the Specter of Mexican Citizenship, 1826 – Farren Yero
5. Complacency, Confusion, and the Mismanagement of Cholera in York, England, 1832 – Ann- Marie Akehurst
6. Cholera, the Roman Aqueduct, and Urban Renewal in Naples, Italy,1860–1914 – Sofia Greaves
7. The Contested Governance of Border Railways and the Plague of Northeast China, 1910–11 – Yongming Chen and Yishen Chen
8. Print, Politics, and the Smallpox Epidemic in Terre Haute, USA, 1902–3 – Allen Shotwell
9. Colonialism, Racism, and the Government Response to Bubonic Plague in Nairobi, Kenya, 1895–1910 – Catherine Odari

PART 2: URBAN LIFE: CULTURE AND SOCIETY 
10. Women, Social Solidarities, and the Plague in 17th- Century Newcastle, England – Rachel Clamp
11. The Jewish Ghetto as a Space of Quarantine in Prague, 1713 – Joshua Teplitsky
12. Hygiene and Urban Life in the “District of Death” in 19th- Century Istanbul – Fezanur Karaağaçlıoğlu
13. Religious Rituals and Cholera in the Shrine Cities of 19th- Century Iran – Fuchsia Hart
14. Social Life, Illness, and the Marketplace in Kumasi, Ghana, from the 20th Century to the Present – George Osei and Shobana Shankar
15. The City as Field Hospital and the Influenza Epidemic in Seattle, USA, 1918–19 – Louisa Iarocci
16. Rural Migrants, Smallpox, and Civic Surgery in 20th- Century Baghdad, Iraq – Huma Gupta
17. House, Social Life, and Smallpox in Kathmandu, Nepal, 1963 – Susan Heydon
18. Meningitis, Shared Environments, and Inequality in São Paulo, Brazil, 1971–75 – Daniela Sandler

PART 3: URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE: PERMANENCE AND CHANGE
19. Epidemics and the Royal Control of Public Health in Lisbon, Portugal, 1480–95 – Danielle Abdon
20. The Guadalquivir River and Plague in Seville, Spain, in the 16th Century – Kristy Wilson Bowers
21. Social Inequity and Hospital Infrastructure in the City of Puebla, Mexico, 1737 – Juan Luis Burke
22. Colonial Infrastructure, Ecology, and Epidemics in Dhaka, 1858– 1947 – Mohammad Hossain
23. South American Health Conventions, Social Stratification, and the Ilha Grande Lazaretto in Brazil, 1886 – Niuxa Dias Drago, Ana Paula Polizzo, and Fernando Delgado
24. Plague, Displacement, and Ecological Disruption in Bombay, India, 1896 – Emily Webster
25. French Urbanism, Vietnamese Resistance, and the Plague in Hanoi, Vietnam,1885–1910 – Michael Vann
26. Building a Community on Leprosy Island in the Philippines, 1898–1941 – Mary Anne Alabanza Akers
27. Shifting Health Paradigms and Infrastructure in Australia in the 20th Century – Karen Daws and Julie Willis

PART 4: URBAN DESIGN AND PLANNING: INTERVENTIONS AND IMPLICATIONS
28. Urban Design, Social Epidemiology, and the Bubonic Plague of Palermo, Italy, 1575–76 – Carlo Trombino
29. Cholera and Housing Reform in Victorian London, England, 1850–1900 – Irina Davidovici
30. Public Health, Urban Development, and Cholera in Tokyo, Japan, 1877–95 – Susan L. Burns
31. The Hong Kong Plague and Public Parks in the British Settlements of Shanghai and Tianjin, China, 1894 – Yichi Zhang
32. Rebuilding the British Seamen’s Hospital at Smyrna in the Wake of Smallpox and Cholera Epidemics, 1892 – Işılay Tiarnagh Sheridan Gün and Erdem Erten
33. Spatial Change and the Cholera Epidemic in Manila, the Philippines, 1902–4 –  Ian Morley
34. Plague, Housing, and Battles over Segregation in Colonial Dakar, Senegal, 1914 – Gregory Valdespino
35. Urban Transformation and Public Health Policies in Post- Influenza Lagos, Nigeria, 1918 – Timothy Oluseyi Odeyale
36. Urban Landscape Transformations and the Malaria Control Scheme in Mauritius, 1948–51 – Nicole de Lalouvière

Epilogue: Post- COVID Urbanism and ArchitectureRichard J. Jackson
Glossary
Bibliography
Authors’ Biographies
Index

'This is a brilliantly conceived, ground breaking collection that provides deep insight into the challenges that COVID poses to our world today.  By focusing on the physical environment, these studies of past pandemics demonstrate how critical it is to tend to both neglected infrastructure and vulnerable communities.  Epidemic Urbanism is an inspiring example of  interdisciplinary collaboration across diverse times and places and the contributions it brings to the work of global public health.'

Nancy Tomes, Distinguished Professor, Stony Brook University, USA

Nancy Tomes

“Epidemic Urbanism recounts the fascinating history of cities and plagues to shed light on present and future challenges. For hundreds of years, cities have played a central role in the spread, inequality, and containment of epidemics and pandemics. Why would COVID-19 be any different? Public health strategy is most effective when based on data, aligned with communities, and informed by the triumphs and failures of the past. This book is essential reading for the work of preparing for our next great infectious disease challenge.”
Joshua M. Sharfstein, Professor and Vice Dean, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA

Joshua Sharfstein

“As sports stadia and conference centres have transformed themselves into impromptu healthcare facilities and makeshift morgues, Epidemic Urbanism could not be timelier. Ranging from Agra in the 1610s to Sao Paulo in the 1970s, its studies of particular, historical outbreaks add up to a global account of how disease has affected cities and cities have affected disease. Drawing from specialists across a range of disciplines, Gharipour and DeClercq’s urgent collection draws from the past to point the way to the future. As Governments exhort and promise to ‘Build Back Better’, Epidemic Urbanism tellingly reminds us how such policies need to be informed by historical understanding and based around shared equity.”
Ross MacFarlane, Research Development Specialist, The Wellcome Collection, UK

Ross MacFarlane

“The dynamic interplay of contagious illness and the built environment is a long and global story,
highlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Epidemic Urbanism is an epic collection amplifying this theme, beautifully conceived and organized in a clear, orderly format (context-case study-conclusion). Its main intention is to inspire action, anticipating future historical studies and pandemics. Instructive examples take us around the world to see how illnesses have been managed and mis-managed by city dwellers.”
Annmarie Adams, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, McGill University, Canada

Annmarie Adams
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