The Friday Mosque in the City (Book)

Liminality, Ritual, and Politics

This edited volume explores the dynamic relationship between the Friday Mosque and the city. While the Friday mosque and the 'Islamic City' have been widely studied by historians of Islamic architecture and urbanism, this volume specifically examines the functional and spatial ambiguity or liminality between sacred and urban spaces.

Edition

This edited volume explores the dynamic relationship between the Friday Mosque and the city and addresses traditional topics such as the ‘Friday mosque’ or the ‘Islamic city’ through a fresh new lens, critically examining each case study in its own spatial urban and socio-cultural context. While these two well-known themes—concepts that once defined the field—have been widely studied by historians of Islamic architecture and urbanism, this compilation specifically addresses the functional and spatial ambiguity or liminality between these spaces. Thus, instead of addressing the Friday mosque as the central signifier of the ‘Islamic City’, the articles in this volume provide evidence that there was (and continues to be) a tremendous variety in the way architectural borders became fluid in and around Friday mosques across the Islamic geography, from Cordoba to Jerusalem and from London to Lahore. By historicizing different cases and contributing to our knowledge of the way human agency through ritual and politics shaped the physical and social fabric of the city, the papers collectively challenge the generalizing and reductionist tendencies in earlier scholarship.

A. Hilâl Uğurlu is associate professor of architectural history at MEF University, Istanbul and Suzan Yalman is assistant professor in the Department of Archaeology and History of Art at Koç University, Istanbul. Most recently, they have co-edited a volume for Koç University’s Research Center for Anatolian Civilizations entitled: Sacred Spaces and Urban Networks (Istanbul: ANAMED, 2019).

Acknowledgements vii

Introduction 1

A. Hilal Ug˘urlu and Suzan Yalman

Section I: Spatial Liminalities: Walls, Enclosures, and Beyond 19

Liminal Spaces in the Great Mosque of Cordoba: Urban Meaning

and Politico-Liturgical Practices 21

Susana Calvo Capilla

Lahore’s Badshahi Masjid: Spatial Interactions of the Sacred and the Secular 51

Mehreen Chida-Razvi

City as Liminal Space: Islamic Pilgrimage and Holy Sites in Jerusalem

During the Mamluk Period 75

Fadi Ragheb

Section II: Creating New Destinations, Constructing New Sacreds 123

Sanctifying Konya: The Thirteenth-Century Transformation of the

Seljuk Friday Mosque into a ‘House of God’ 125

Suzan Yalman

Inviolable Thresholds, Blessed Palaces, and Holy Friday Mosques:

The Sacred Topography of Safavid Isfahan 157

Farshid Emami

From the Kutubiyya to Tinmal: The Sacred Direction in Mu’minid Performance 197

Abbey Stockstill

Section III: Liminality and Negotiating Modernity 219

Perform Your Prayers in Mosques!: Changing Spatial and Political Relations

in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Istanbul 221

A. Hilâl Ug˘urlu

Urban Morphology and Sacred Space: The Mashhad Shrine During the

Late Qajar and Pahlavi Periods 251

May Farhat

Towards a New Typology of Modern and Contemporary Mosque in Europe,

Including Russia and Turkey 277

Nebahat Avcıoğlu

Author Biographies 313

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