Dr Steven Gamble is Head of Academic Studies at BIMM Institute, Brighton, and the author of How Music Empowers: Listening to Modern Rap and Metal (forthcoming from Routledge). Following study at the Universities of Surrey and Oxford, he completed a Ph.D. in music at Kingston University London. His research has been presented at conferences such as IASPM (Europe and United Kingdom) and RMA, and published in Popular Music and the Journal on the Art of Record Production. He predominantly works on postmillennial metal and hip hop music, focusing upon experiences of listening and fandom. His next project expands the study of hip hop in the Internet Age, drawing upon his wider research interests including music and the Internet, recorded music and music analysis. He posts regularly at http://stevengamble.com.